Finally got my control system tested out in the woods. Very happy with the range. The Xbee will do 300ft and I can’t even see the RS3 if I go that far away. This is my controlwidgets.com design. All the wireless communications are handled by the Xbee. I can send any sort of data to or from anything with this system in real time. Those are 16 byte data packets that are controlling the throttle and coupler servos.
The RS3 has the throttle, front and rear couplers and single channel sound all hooked up and working. All of it is powered by a 5000mah hour LiPoly battery driving a Pololu 18v7 motor controller. The control widget drives the servos directly. There is also an RFID reader under the fuel tank which works quite well too.
3D Printed Foreman looks over the latest oven fresh widget, complete with 1634R-SU and the Xbee Series 1 with wire antenna. Programmed and tested. The figure is 2.4 inches tall for perspective.
Click Here for Info on Widgets
I realized I didn’t have this posted up- this is the single channel mp3 sound card from mdfly.com combined with a simple audio amp. The amp is quite loud and can be built with parts from Radio Shack. This is what I’m using on my RS3 in the pictures below. I’m using the Attiny 1634 s/w UART to drive this from the client widget. It works quite well, you just send a single byte to the card to set the volume or play one of the sounds. However, you get what you pay for, $10 only gets you one sound at a time.
Here are a couple of shots of my control system going into my Aristocraft RS3. The power is all in the back end, I have a 5000mah 14.8v lipo pack driving this beast with a Pololu 18v7 motor controller powering the trucks. A very potent drive train. Anyhow, these pics show the brains- the Atmel 1634 board, the Xbee Series 1 and the MDFly mp3 sound card. Not seen is the RFID reader on the fuel tank- I’ll post that up later. Phew, some work and lots of engineering spits and fails but it’s now pretty clean and works well. I did downsize the controls a bit, I’m only driving the motor, the two coupler servos and the sound card. I left the lights on a manual switch and there is a current sensor in there but I’m not looking at it right now. As mentioned, the RFID is also connected and works so I do have the basics of a computer controlled system. The main control boards are also reasonably accessable by taking off just the short hood of the locomotive so tweaking the firmware, sounds and the pololu motor controller won’t require the entire locomotive to be taken apart (which is a BITCH to say the least!)
Finally have all of the connections wired and (more or less) tested. I’ve added LEDs to the running lights and servos (not shown) to control the couplers. Just need to add about 11oz or so to the fuel tank and put it all back together for final testing. I’ve attached a programming cable to the microcontroller board so I can download new builds or tweak the s/w if required. Phew. This has been quite a bit of development. The control widget itself went through many interations (see controlwidgets.com) as did the power board. I’ve settled on the Pololu 18v7 programmed to only give forward motion with a relay switching between forward and backward. Anyhow, soon we will be doing some real world testing.
This is a quick project I’ve been working on to test the feasibility of using wifi to directly control something.
It uses a slider on an android app to control the position of a servo in real time using my widget and the Sparkfun WiFly Module.
There are three parts, the hardware, which is the widget and the Wifly module, the microcode that goes into the widget and the app code on the tablet.
(This is a rather lengthy post so I’ve moved this to a page of it’s own)
You can find it here- Simple Wifi Servo control with Android
As far as conclusions from this, I don’t particularly care for 802.11 for control. In my case, the primary objection is well, it’s not really meant for that sort of thing and I don’t like all the complicated message transactions this entails. Your mileage may vary on that. The other thing is my cheap tablet doesn’t have a very good wifi range so at 30 ft or so I start to loose control. Granted, much of this could probably be resolved with an improved algorithm on the app side, or perhaps a better device (I’ve resisted getting a smart phone). But for me, I prefer the Xbee series mentioned elsewhere on this blog so I will be sticking with that project before I come back and put any more effort in this one.
This will be my ‘bridge’ between standard wifi and the Xbee network. That is a Raspberry Pi attached to the top, configured as an Apache web server. It uses a cheap dlink wireless router and an Xbee series 1 with antenna mount. About $90 worth of hardware give or take.
Here is my latest stand-alone hand-held-throttle design. It’s based on my control widget thing and I (finally) have it all working.
All the circuits and keyboard are mounted on a 3D printed faceplate with a 3D printed back enclosure. It still needs some structural work, screws to hold the face plate on and I need to mount the power switch too, not sure where that should go.
There is some hard-coded stuff in the handheld software but it does work quite well. I also have a slight design gotcha on my USB interface into this thing but I’ll get that solved soon.
I’m really enjoying my widget PCB design. Simple, cheap, easy bake oven for SOIC, program in C, add an Xbee for wireless real-time control, how cool is that? Here I have one hooked up to a parallax IR motion sensor. With a bit of C code it controls the servo based on the input from the motion sensor. Think railroad crossing signals- that crossing arm that comes dowm and blocks the traffic, right?
Anyhow, great fun and a good project to post over to controlwidgets.com
I’m looking at a $9 retail for board and components. Software will be free and open source. Of course 🙂
Getting a bit more physical here, I finally got a nice 3D print of the faceplate that works, this is number three I think. Mechanical design is much more difficult than I thought. Even with a 3D printer, some things just don’t go together like you think they should.
But so far, with some minor tweaks, it all fits.